Acute Kidney Failure

Best Acute Kidney Failure Treatment Hospital in Delhi

Acute Kidney Failure

Kidneys are one of the most important organs of the body, which filter the blood and get rid of toxins. Acute kidney failure is the sudden failure of the kidneys. It happens within a few hours or days.

The primary function of our kidneys is to filter the blood, get rid of the toxins, and pass urine. Kidneys are located above the pelvic. When the kidneys stop working suddenly, the condition is known as acute kidney failure.

Causes AKI

There are many causes for acute kidney failure. These are:

  • Blood flow stops to the kidneys

    This may be because of multiple reasons such as infections, liver failure, side effects of some medicines, heart failure, low blood pressure, dehydration, serious burns, or rapid blood loss.

  • Blocking of urine flow from the kidney

    There are multiple reasons like prostate, cervical, or bladder cancer; kidney stones, blood clots in the kidney; enlarged prostate, or nerve damage in the kidneys.

Sign or Symptoms

The symptoms of acute kidney failure are:

  • Sharp pain in the lower back region
  • Less urination than normal
  • Swelling of ankle, feet, and joints of the body
  • Drowsiness and tiredness
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Confusion in decision-making
  • Chest pain and uneasiness
  • Seizures and in severe cases, coma

Epidemiology

  • In the United States of America, approximately 1% of the people admitted to hospitals have Acute Kidney Failure at admission.
  • Between 2-5% of people admitted to hospitals develop Acute Kidney Failure within 30 days in the USA.
  • Nearly 50% of patients in the ICU develop acute kidney failure.
  • The mortality rate for acute kidney failure in hospitals is around 40%-50%.

Risk Factors

Following are the factors which increase the chances of acute kidney failure:

  • Diabetes: It increases the chances of you getting acute kidney failure
  • Prolonged hospitalization: If you are hospitalized, especially in ICU, for a prolonged period, the chances of acute kidney failure may increase
  • Age: Older people are more prone to acute kidney failure
  • Cardiac diseases
  • Blood pressure: High blood pressure increases the likelihood of acute kidney failure
  • Chronic liver and kidney ailments

Typical Tests

  • The most common way to determine acute kidney failure is through blood tests. Blood tests check for various parameters like the creatinine level in the blood, urea level, and potassium and sodium salt levels in the blood.
  • The other common test for acute kidney failure is a urine test. The doctor will check for various protein and electrolytes levels in the urine sample and check the urine output per kg per hour.

Primary prevention

By taking some preventive steps, you can avoid getting acute kidney failure:

  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle: Eating healthy food, drinking lots of water, exercising daily, and refraining from alcohol may prevent acute kidney failure.
  • By avoiding non-prescribed pain medications, you can reduce the likelihood of acute kidney failure.

Secondary prevention

 

  • Follow your doctor’s advice: If you are suffering from high blood pressure or chronic kidney or liver ailment, you must strictly follow your doctor’s advice to avoid acute kidney failure.

Alternate name

Acute kidney failure is also known as Acute Renal Failure.

Expected prognosis

The prognosis of acute kidney failure depends on the underlying cause of the kidney failure. If the acute kidney failure is not because of kidney tissue, the patient's recovery can be quick. However, if the cause of kidney failure is due to the kidney itself, full recovery may take some time. Only highly severe cases of acute kidney failure result in death.

Natural progression

If acute kidney failure is left untreated, it may lead to permanent kidney damage and the build-up of toxins in the body. The patient may need dialysis for the rest of their life.

Possible complications

Many complications may arise due to acute kidney failure. These include chest pain due to the inflammation of the tissues of the chest lining; fluid builds up in the lungs; increased acidity of the blood that may lead to nausea, vomiting, and dizziness; permanent kidney damage which will lead to the patient becoming dependent on dialysis or kidney transplant; chronic muscle pain and weakness because of electrolyte imbalance in the body.

Possible treatment

The majority of acute kidney failure cases can be healed by themselves. However, the doctor may prescribe a course of treatment for faster results. The possible treatment course for acute kidney failure is listed below:

Dialysis

In cases of severe kidney damage, the doctor may suggest dialysis to filter the blood of toxins and other treatment courses till the kidneys heal by themselves.

  • Diet

    The doctor may suggest a diet plan which includes less potassium and sodium salts till the kidneys heal by themselves.

  • Medications

    The doctor may prescribe certain medicines to mitigate the effect of acute kidney failure.

Our BLK-Max Medical Experts

If you are facing any similar signs or symptoms please contact the BLK-Max team to schedule an appointment at : +91-11-30403040

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