Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS), also called less invasive spine surgery is a surgical process that requires a small incision for performing the surgery.
Before proceeding with the surgery the doctors have to make sure that the patient is fit for the procedure. This is done by performing a series of tests and screening process. The patient might be prescribed certain medications, a week or two before the surgery, to avoid any sort of infection during or after the surgery.
A patient will receive general anaesthesia before moving to the operation theatre and will sleep through the surgical procedure.
- Step 1: The doctor will make a few small incisions at the affected site.
- Step 2: A thin telescope-like instrument, called an endoscope is inserted through small incisions in the body. It has a tiny video camera – smaller than a dime attached to its top, which projects the inside view of the patient’s body on a monitor. These images help the doctor to perform complex operations easily.
- Step 3: The doctor then passes small surgical instruments or robotic arms (during robotic-assisted surgery) through these incisions to perform the surgery by using the best X-ray views of the anatomy of the spine.
- Step 4: The doctor closes the incisions with sutures and covers them with surgical tape.
After the operation, the patient has to stay in the hospital for a day or two for monitoring purposes. A doctor might prescribe a patient to take physiotherapy sessions in order to have a fast recovery.