Doctors conduct many tests to diagnose cancer and learn if the cancer has spread to another part of the body. Paediatric Cancer is often diagnosed using the following tests:
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Screening Test
- Staging Tests
- Radiation Therapy: The therapy aims at killing the cancer cells in the affected part of the body by involving the use of high-energy waves.
- Chemotherapy: The therapy aims at killing the cancer cells in the affected part of the body by using powerful medicines.
- Targeted Therapy: This therapy aims at targeting cancer’s specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival.
- Immunotherapy: This therapy involves the use of medicines that prompt the body's immune system or natural defences to destroy cancer.
- Stem-Cell Transplantation: It is one of the most advanced methods used to restore the functioning of bone marrow either by allogeneic or autologous transplantation. The process is then followed by high-dose chemotherapy or radiation therapy.