Umbilical cord blood transplantation is a process of replacing old cells line with new cells lining and help in replacing maligned cells or invigorate the system of new cells production.
Step 1: Pre-transplant Process: To ensure high safety and better outcomes your doctor might ask to perform some Pre-transplant tests and procedures. These tests include complete health checkup, to ensure that the patient’s body is ready to undergo the transplant procedure.
- Beginning Medical Evaluation
- Conference for Treatment Plan
- Central Venous Catheter Evaluation And Insertion
- Stem Cells Harvest from Umbilical cord blood
Step 2: Conditioning Process: After the completion of these tests, a patient has to undergo the Stem Cell Transplant Conditioning process. This process involves either chemotherapy or radiotherapy or a combination of is used to destroy the diseased cells. The conditioning process helps in:
- Lowering the immune system in patient
- Helps prevent graft-versus-host disease
Step 3: Umbilical cord blood Transplant: The patient undergoes cytotoxic treatment where the harvested and processed stem cells are transplanted into the patient using a central venous catheter. These stem cells then travel through the bloodstream of the patient into the different places inside the bones. The transplant offers high tendency to a patient to create new blood cells.
Step 4: Engraftment: In this process, the patient is under the close monitoring for the sign of the growth of new stem cells along with supportive care.
Step 5: Post Engraftment monitoring and continuation of immunosuppression