Since it’s a crucial treatment process, a patient has to undergo various processes before the transplant to ensure high safety and better outcomes
Step 1: Pre-transplant Process: A doctor might prescribe Pre-transplant tests and procedures, where a series of tests and procedures are performed to ensure the patient’s general health and the status of the medical condition. This process of evaluation may take several days.
- Beginning Medical Evaluation
- Conference For Treatment Plan
- Central Venous Catheter Evaluation And Insertion
Step 2: Stem Cell Harvest: The blood is collected from a vein in the arm of the donor (Autologous or Allogeneic). The blood then flows into a machine that removes the stem cells from the blood and returns the remaining blood into the body of a donor through the vein in the other arm.
Step 3: Conditioning Process: The patient receives conditioning where chemotherapy or radiation therapy is used
- To treat tumourous cells in case of malignancy
- Preparing the patient’s bone marrow for developing new stem cells
- It is also used for suppressing the patient’s immune system.
Step- 4: Stem Cell Transplant: The patient receives a cytotoxic treatment, where the harvested stem cells are placed in the patient’s body through a blood vessel in the chest using a catheter. These stem cells then travel through the patient’s bloodstream into the bones of the body, where they tend to create new stem cells.
Step 5: Engraftment: In this process, the patient is closely monitored for the sign of the growth of new stem cells along with supportive care.
Step 6: Post Engraftment monitoring and continuation of immunosuppression