Lymphoma is a type of cancer that develops in the lymphatic system, part of the immune system that helps filter out bacteria and fight disease. Like other cancers, lymphoma involves abnormal growth of cells that multiply or fails to die on time. With its growth lymphoma cancer begin to affect the normal functions of the body as malignancy reaches to other tissues and organs in the body.
Lymphoma is broken down into two main types:
- Hodgkin lymphoma: It affects lymph tissue in the lymphatic system but can spread to the lungs, bone marrow, and blood. It occurs in two peak age groups — one in the 20s and one in the 80s.
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: It has a variety of cancers affecting the immune system accounts for nearly 90 percent of all lymphomas.