There are varied treatment options to remove or destroy cancer cells within the reproductive organs and nearby tissues. These may include surgical processes, therapies or a combination of both.
- Surgical process: A doctor aims to remove the tumour and some of the tissue that is in the surrounding areas where the cancer may have spread.
- Laparoscopic Surgery (Keyhole Surgery): Tumour and other cancerous tissues are removed by making several small incisions instead of one long incision.
- Robotic Surgery: It is one of the newest and advanced ways of treating Genitourinary Cancer. It offers 3-D imaging and eliminates the challenges of laparoscopic procedures.
- Radiation therapy: Involves the use of high-energy waves to treat cancer cells and prevent local recurrence.
- Chemotherapy: Involves the use of chemotherapy drugs to treat cancer cells and prevent local recurrence.
- Targeted Therapy: Targets cancer specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival.
- Immunotherapy: Involves the use of medicines that prompt the body's immune system or natural defences to destroy cancer.
A patient might get Chemotherapy, Hormone Therapy, or Targeted Therapy along with surgery or radiation. This multidisciplinary approach will help in treating the residual cancer cells, during other forms of treatment.