A soft tissue enriched with blood vessels found inside the medullary cavities is known as Bone Marrow. It ensures proper functioning of several body functions. Apart from being responsible for creating red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, bone marrow is known to contain stem cells or HSCs which makes it one of the most integral parts of our body. However, owing to a number of diseases, infections, and even treatments like chemotherapy, malfunctioning of the bone marrow can happen. As a result, either red blood cells will not get formed or recurring infections will take place, eventually affecting your overall health.
What is a bone marrow transplant?
If you are wondering if you can make your bone marrow healthy again, then bone transplant is the most viable option available to you. It is a medical procedure in which the damaged bone marrow is replaced by the transplantation of blood stem cells. As a result, new blood cells will be produced, eventually leading to the growth of new marrow which can prevent infections and other disorders.
During bone marrow transplant, healthy stem cells can either be fetched from your own body or you will get them from the donor. If you are going for this procedure, make sure that you choose from one of the best bone marrow transplant hospitals in India.
When is bone marrow transplant needed?
When your bone marrow isn’t healthy enough and it can’t function in proper manner, owing to the hematological diseases, or blood cancer, the bone marrow transplant becomes necessary. Some of the common health issues that require the transplant are –
- Aplastic Anaemia, Thalassemia Major, Sickle Cell anaemia
- Blood cancers like Acute and Chronic leukemia (Myeloid and lymphoid); Hodgkin’s and Non Hodgkin’s lymphoma and multiple myeloma
- Primary Immunodeficiency diseases
The major types of bone marrow transplants
Depending upon the reasons of bone marrow transplant, they are basically divided into two categories –
In autologous transplants, your own stem cells are used which are harvested before high dose chemotherapy is given and harvested stem cells will be used as rescue. However, it is the kind of bone marrow transplant which can only be accomplished if your bone marrow is healthy. Furthermore, it can also be helpful in reducing some complications which are otherwise present during bone marrow transplant.
During allogeneic transplants, cells from the donors are used. The only pre-requisite here is that the donor must be your genetic match (HLA matching). They can be either relatives or even a stranger with close genetic make-up. The success rate of allogeneic transplants majorly depends upon how well the cells received by you from the donor match yours.
Allogenic transplants are of following types depends on donor type: (a) Match sibling or related donor (b) Match unrelated donor (c) Haplo identical donor.
When bone marrow transplant will be happening, your immune system will be compromised because of immune suppressive drugs to prevent rejection and graft versus host disease. As a result, you can develop the risk of infections and will require close monitoring and necessary management. So when you are looking for bone marrow transplant in Delhi, make sure you choose the best hospital. BLK hospital, with one of the best specialized centers for bone marrow transplant with > 1000 stem cell transplant experience, ensures that you receive the best treatment possible.