Bladder Cancer

Best Bladder Cancer Treatment Hospital in Delhi

Bladder cancer is a vital aspect to comprehend in-depth about it. Although urothelial carcinoma can occur in the kidneys and ureters, it is far more frequent in the bladder. Most bladder cancers are detected early and can be curable by treatment. There are various types of bladder cancer, such as transitional cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma.

The bladder is a hollow organ, flexible in the lower pelvis, and muscular walls allow it. The primary function of the bladder is to hold urine. Bladder cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the tissues of the bladder. Transitional cell carcinomas account for the majority of bladder malignancies.

Bladder cancer is caused by aberrant bladder cells that develop out of control. A tumor develops over time, and it has the potential to spread to adjacent lymph nodes and organs. It can spread to remote body sections in extreme situations, including your bones, lungs, and liver.

Causes of Bladder Cancer

  • Smoking is the primary cause and risk factor for bladder cancer.

  • Bladder cancer develops when the DNA of the cells in the bladder changes (mutates). Thus the unusual/mutated cells might eventually break free and spread throughout the body (metastasize).

Types of Bladder Cancer

  • Urothelial carcinoma

  • Squamous cell carcinoma

  • Adenocarcinoma

Signs and Symptoms of Bladder Cancer

The following are some of the signs and symptoms of bladder cancer:

  • Burning sensation during urination

  • Back pain

  • Frequent urination

  • Blood clots

  • Hematuria

Possible Bladder Cancer Treatment

The following are the possible treatments for bladder cancer:

  • Surgery

  • Chemotherapy

  • Immunotherapy

  • Radiation Therapy

Risk Factors of Bladder Cancer

Some of the risk factors of bladder cancer include:

  • Smoking

  • Increasing age

  • Previous cancer treatment

  • Hereditary Disease (Personal or family history of cancer)

  • Chronic bladder inflammation

  • Exposure to certain chemicals

Bladder Cancer Stages

Stage 0

(Noninvasive papillary carcinoma) Initially, there is no spreading

Stage I

It spreads in the lining of the bladder

Stage II

It enters the muscle layer of the bladder

Stage III

It gradually spreads to the tissue of the bladder

Stage IV

Finally, it passes into the other parts of the body

Bladder Cancer Diagnosis

The following is the list of diagnoses and typical tests for bladder cancer:

  • Physical exam

  • Monitoring the Health History

  • Urinalysis

  • Urine cytology

  • Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)

  • Biopsy

  • Cystoscopy

Prevention of Bladder Cancer

The following are some of the preventive measures:

  • Avoid smoking.

  • Adapt to a healthy lifestyle with good food habits.

  • Caution while handling chemicals.

Alternate name

  • Urothelial carcinoma

  • Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC)

Epidemiology of Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is about four to five times more prevalent in males than in women, with a global incidence rate of 10 cases per 100,000 men and 3 cases per 100,000 women. Bladder cancer is considered the sixth most common cancer and is the ninth most lethal disease in men.

Expected prognosis of Bladder Cancer

People with bladder cancer have a 5-year survival rate of 80 %. Survival rates are dependent on several factors, including the kind and stage of bladder cancer identified. People with bladder cancer that has not progressed beyond the inner layer of the bladder surface (II to IV stage) have a 90 per cent survival rate of over five years.

Pathophysiology of Bladder Cancer

The pathophysiology is based on the physical examination findings, biopsies, imaging tests, and surgery. It is more likely to be precise than clinical staging, which simply considers the tests performed before surgery.

The modifications instruct the cell to multiply quickly and continue to grow even when the healthy cells would die. The aberrant cells create a tumor, which can infiltrate and kill healthy tissue. The unusual cells might eventually break free and spread throughout the body (metastasize).

The urothelium or transitional epithelium, which lines the inside of the bladder, is where most bladder malignancies begin. Cancer progresses to a higher level, gets more advanced, and is more difficult to cure when it spreads into or through the other layers of the bladder wall.

Possible Complications of Bladder Cancer

Some of the possible complications of bladder cancer involve:

  • Sexual dysfunction in both men and women

  • Anaemia

  • Weakness

  • Hydronephrosis

Our BLK-Max Medical Experts

If you are facing any similar signs or symptoms please contact the BLK-Max team to schedule an appointment at : +91-11-30403040

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