Robotic Surgery

The Future of Modern Surgery

The term robot refers to computer-enhanced master–slave machines which has taken the speciality of surgery by storm. It has refined a surgeon’s capacity to do precise movements in confined spaces, with minimal blood loss and good surgical outcomes.

The system consists of 3 components. At the patient table is the Patient Cart which has robotic arms. These hold surgical instruments that are introduced into the patient through small ports. The surgeon operates the machine sitting at the Robotic Console, which is the second component. The third component is the Image Cart which has an image monitor to see the operative field, the master controller of the entire robot and communication / video recording channels.

Robotic surgery is a type of minimally invasive surgery. “Minimally invasive” means that instead of operating on patients through large incisions, miniaturised surgical instruments are used that fit through a series of quarter-inch incisions. When performing surgery these miniaturised instruments are mounted on three separate robotic arms, allowing the surgeon maximum range of motion and precision. The fourth arm contains a magnified high-definition 3-D camera that guides the surgeon during the procedure.

The surgeon controls these instruments and the camera from a console and operates all four arms simultaneously while looking through a stereoscopic high-definition monitor, giving him a better, more detailed 3-D view of the operating site than the human eye can provide. Every movement he makes with the master controls is replicated precisely by the robot. And because of the console’s design, the surgeon’s eyes and hands are always perfectly aligned with his view of the surgical site, minimising surgeon fatigue.

Utilising this advanced technology, surgeons are able to perform a growing number of urological, gynaecological, cardiothoracic and general surgical procedures and other very complex surgeries such as heart surgeries, kidney transplant and cancer related surgeries.

For the patient, robotic surgery can offer all the potential benefits of a minimally invasive procedure as compared with the traditional open surgery, including reduced pain, less blood loss, fewer complications, shorter hospital stay, less risk of infection, less scarring and less need for blood transfusions.

There has been an explosive development in the scope of Robotic Surgeries in all streams of surgery. Its application area is very wide and it has proven to be of tremendous help in the medical world. BLK Super Speciality Hospital and our sister concern in MumbaiNanavati Super Speciality Hospital will also be launching a Centre for Robotic Surgery very soon and offer this cutting edge technology to its patients.

Dr. Aditya Pradhan

Dr. Aditya Pradhan

Sr. Consultant, Urology,
Andrology & Renal Transplant
BLK Centre for Renal Sciences
& Kidney Transplant
BLK Super Speciality
Hospital, New Delhi