Bank on Computer Navigated
Total Knee Replacement Surgery

Joint pain has become a common ailment in India and a major health concern for the people. Earlier, this Orthopaedic problem was prevalent in elderly people. Now, even the younger generation, both men and women are being affected by joint problems due to several reasons including injuries. Orthopaedic surgeons recommend Hip or Knee Transplant to overcome the joint pain. However, challenges are many. Right from identifying the exact need of the patient, selection of right implants to performing high-end surgeries with precision-skill sets, each aspect needs focused attention to make Orthopaedic surgeries successful. Implant selection and adoption of global best practices, quality and skills of a surgeon play a key role in making an Orthopaedic surgery effective.

Patient safety remains a major concern. Patients, in need of Joint Replacement Implants, trust surgeons blindly. Hence, it is paramount that the experts should never fail them. Use of advanced technology has come as a boon for the patient. Obviously, surgeons were expected to know not only about the implants and its exact surgical procedures but also inform the patients about its efficacy and risks. It is roughly estimated that over one lakh Joint Replacement surgeries are carried out in the country every year. Of these, an estimated 70,000 to 80,000 are Knee Replacements, and 20,000 to 30,000 are Hip Replacement Surgeries. However, the joint registry established by the Indian Society of Hip and Knee Surgeons (ISHKS) has recorded only 1.71 lakh Knee and 14,000 Hip Replacement surgeries since it began collecting data in 2007.

Total Knee Replacement Surgery
Total Knee Replacement surgery is performed on patients with extreme

destruction of the knee joints, associated with progressive pain and impaired function. It is a surgical procedure in which the diseased knee joint is replaced with artificial material. Total Knee Replacement surgery has become a commonly used and very successful procedure to treat damaged knees. With the advancement of medical technology and latest innovations almost every day, the success rates and post-operative satisfaction of the patients are only increasing.

Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement Surgery
Speaking of the latest technology in the medical world, Total Knee Replacement surgery technique has crossed another milestone with the inclusion of computer navigation. The evolution of the surgical procedures with the involvement of minimally invasive techniques has made it possible for surgeons to perform more accurately and with better control. The computer navigation enables the surgeon to locate the problem area more precisely than ever before. Patients also take lesser time post-operatively for rehabilitation after the surgery. The pain is lesser, hospital stay gets shorter, and the scars are smaller under this surgical technique

Use of technology especially in the medical field has come after prolonged Research and Development. Nearly 10 years of clinical trials are recommended should this be a norm in case of such implant. However, the patients should also be educated about a critical fact that implants cannot replace the original knee or hip, hence, they also need to follow certain protocols to make the best use of it and for the safety purpose.

Dr. Bhushan Nariani

Dr. Bhushan Nariani
Director- Joint
BLK Institute for Bone,
Joint Replacement,
Orthopaedics Spine and
Sports Medicine
BLK Super Speciality
Hospital, New Delhi